Tonsils are a pair of soft tissue masses located at the rear of the throat (pharynx). Or simply they are the two lymph nodes located on each side of the back of your throat. They are part of the lymphatic system, whose main purpose is to help to fight infections. They are defense mechanisms of the human body. They help prevent our body from infection. Tonsils produce white blood cells to help you fight infection, but sometimes the tonsils themselves become infected. The condition of tonsils when become infected is known as tonsillitis.

Tonsillitis can affect us at any age but they are very common in childhood. It can be easily diagnosed as there will be severe pain in the throat followed by fever and neck pain. Tonsils get affected by viruses and bacteria, especially from the common cold. They can trouble a lot, especially in the cold season but may occur any season. A bacteria or virus infects the tonsils, causing swelling and a sore throat preventing you from eating and drinking easily without any pain. The tonsil may develop a gray or white coating which creates difficulty in oral intake of food.

Symptoms of tonsillitis

There are several types of tonsillitis, and there are many possible symptoms that include:

  • a very sore throat
  • difficulty swallowing or painful swallowing
  • bad breath
  • fever
  • earaches
  • weak muscles
  • headaches
  • a stiff neck
  • jaw and neck tenderness due to swollen lymph nodes

Treatment for tonsillitis

A normal case of tonsillitis does not require special treatment, especially when a virus like from cold, causes it. But in case of severe tonsillitis, we need antibiotics or even operate to remove the tonsils. Antibiotics are prescribed to fight a bacterial infection. But it is very important to complete the full dose of antibiotics as directed by doctors. If one doesn’t take a full dose of antibiotics or simply says the antibiotics don’t kill the bacteria, there is a possible high risk a person could develop complications.

If you have frequent episodes of tonsillitis you might need to remove the tonsils by a simple surgical procedure known as tonsillectomy. The procedure is only recommended for people who experience chronic or recurrent tonsillitis and to the one for whom the treatment does not respond well. A tonsillectomy can also be a treatment for breathing problems, like heavy snoring.

If Tonsillitis are left untreated it can result in the infection spreading to the area behind the tonsils or to the surrounding tissue which sometimes even infects our heart.

Treatment for sore throat

  1. drink plenty of fluids esp. hot or warm get plenty of rest
  2. gargle with warm salt water several times a day
  3. or use iodine germicide gargle
  4. use throat lozenges
  5. avoid smoke
  6. avoid cold drinks
  7. avoid chilly and oily foods

Prevention of tonsillitis

Tonsillitis is highly contagious which means it can transfer from person to person through different means. To decrease your risk of getting tonsillitis, stay away too cold drinks and oily foods. Also, stay away from people who have active infections. Always wash your hands, especially after coming into contact with someone who has a sore throat, or is coughing or sneezing. Also if you have tonsillitis, try to stay away from others until you are no longer contagious.

Source: Healthline


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